What do we need and what
do we have?

1 Endotracheal airways
2. Pocket mask
3. Bag Valve mask
4. Oxygen tank and tubing
5. AED (Automated External Defibrillator)
6. The shock pads for the AED
7. Saline - one liter bag
8. Our Stabilization kit

Some important notes:

1. Bag Valve mask, Saline, endotracheal tubes are all found in the Stabilization kits.
2. The AED pads are found inside the AED machine. Give them a look - Click here to
see how the pads unfold and how they are placed on the patient.


Home / Index Page

Video-links Page

The equipment we'll need

Roles around the patient

Main CPR / AED Protocol - page 10

Page 3 - CPR for adults

Page 4 - chest

Page 5 - chest
and critical

Page 6 - head tilt
and chin lift

Page 7 - mouth to
mouth breathing

Page 8 - mouth to
mask breathing

Page 9 - mouth to
mask ventilation -

Page 11 - patient

Page 12 - open airway

Page 13 - cycles of compressions and

Two Person CPR



Here's a quick look at what we need and what we have. Seems
like a lot at first doesn't it?
Scroll over each item and click to learn more about
each item - plus there's instructional videos in several sections.

(Back to index page)



Familiarize yourself with where the supplies / emergency kits are located. (And the 02,tubing,
masks and tubing, saline, IV rack, all that good stuff. For instance, you can see in the eh following picture
a bag mask, the AED on the wall, right by the BPC-UC supply room with most all of our emergency stuff:

BPC-UC emergency supplies

Breathing Pocket mask:
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Andover has a Pocket mask on the cupboard to your right at eye level as you come into the nursing station.

Brooklyn Park?

In a BLS/CPR situation you give:
2 breaths every 30 compressions for adults.

Infants and children (under approximately 8 years old) 2 breaths every 15 compressions and only when performing two person CPR.

And here's how it works: getting a firm tight seal over and around the patients nose and maintaining a protective barrier between you and the the patient is key. Note the gloves.

Universal precautions - i.e. gloves, masks, protective barriers - always assumed present but easily forgotten in these situations. Get into practice gloving and protecting yourself.


Using the Pocket Mask



One Person use of the Pocket Mask
and CPR Breathing



More Breathing

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Our bag valve masks (BVM) at both BPC and APC are in the Stabilization Kit. There are other BVM's in various places in the clinics. The more you're aware of where they are, the smoother everything goes. Yehaa! :-)

For adults 2 breaths every 30 compressions.

Infants and children (under aprox. 8 years old): 2 breaths every 15 compressions.


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Note the "E -C grip": the "E" is the middle, ring and little finger grasping the the margin of the mandible. The "C" is the C-shape formed by thumb and index finger gripping the mask. This takes practice to get a good seal!

bag valve

Another view of a bag valve mask showing where your hands ought to be, the attached oxygen and the...can you guess? The "E-C Grip" :-)

For adults 2 breaths every 30 compressions.

Infants and children (under aprox 8 years old): 2 breaths every 15 compressions.


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This should be getting E-Z by now: i.e. the E-C grip.

Open 02 to 12 -15 liters. Yep, it'll be blowing hard.



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Oropharyngeal Tubes

You can find oropharyngeal airways in the stab kit. Use these for difficult airways. What's a difficult airway? One where the patient's tongue is in the way, the mouth - even when the neck is extended - is difficult to keep open, etc.

Sizes are measured by opening of mouth to corner of the mandible. (When used they are NOT intubation but rather an adjunct to airway control.

endotracheal tubes











We all know the stab kits. Yep, awfully pared down from the old crash carts. Clinicians (and anyone who'll be be involved), make sure you're familiar with contents. Scroll down to see a list of the contents and their usages / doses .

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stab kit
Clinicians (and anyone who'll be be involved): make sure you're familiar with contents :-) . Inside the Stab kit


So what's in the stabilization kits?

In the upper drawers:

nitro spray
epinephrine 1 mg vials
IV needles
interosseous needles

IV tubing
alcohol swabs
sphygmomanometer (bp cuff)

below the upper two trays :
Oropharyngeal airways
(no naso-pharyngeal airways)

pocket mask
bag valve mask / peds mask
normal saline (one liter)
sharps container


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Breathing: Oxygen and tubing
Attach tubing to bag valve mask, attach oxygen and - open to 12 -15 liters and repeating the obvious: tubing attached. 02-perspective tank
more oxygen

Get familiar with those confusing valves !


To the right is one of our Brooklyn Park 02 tanks. (He volunteered heroically for this photo op.) Tubing is attached. Note the International green color signifying Oxygen.

Again, for adults 2 breaths every 30 compressions. Infants and children (under aprox 8 years old):
2 breaths every 15 compressions.

No 02, no brain. To wit:


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oxygen tank












































Defibrillation: AED and Pads

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We use Zoll Medical defibrillators at Brooklyn Park, and Cardiac
defirillators at Andover park.
It would behoove all providers to get
familiar with each type.

Here's a picture of the Zoll model. And just below that the Cardiac Science
defibrillator; and if you keep scrolling down this page you'll see the manufacturer's
demo video for each also:



As promised: the Cardiac Science AED:

cardiac science AED


card sci card sci 2


AED and pads

Open up the Zoll AED and you have the pads and the wiring. I was a little confused the first time I opened this package. It's simple and straight forward once you've walked through opening one of these things (well ok, it took me more than once). But it all sounds so simple -- until you're in that code situation and you're scared to death you're going to do something wrong.

There's an on / off button. Turn it on. (Some self activate when opened. Ours do not.

The pads again, were a little tricky the first time I saw them. Scroll down for a closer look at how they're applied and watch the video just below for a realy good overview.

The Cardiac Science AED demo is just belwo that. Link to Zoll Medical

Here's Zoll Medical's Manufacturer Demo
- it's very good. Shows you how to apply the unconventional Zoll pads as well (which
was somewhat confusing the first time we looked at these) :



And here's the Cardiac Science
manufacturer's demo:





Defibrillation Pads

The AED Pads
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A little better look at the pads... scroll down a little farther and you'll see how they're applied to the chest... check out the padded target for the heels of your hands.

Also, you can see how they're applied in the Zoll video just above.

If you scroll down a little farther there's another video showing how conventional pads are applied.

A picture speaks a thousand....



Here's a video showing the application of the more common type of defibrillation pads:



Circulation Adjuncts: Saline and fluids
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Saline is in the Stab. kit. If we can get a line in, awesome! If there's only 2 or 3 people, we shoot for doing as much as we can before the ambulance arrives. saline


Saline / fluids

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